“UZBEK NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF METROLOGY”
In the 30s of the last century, under the Committee for Regulation of Internal Trade of the Turkestan Republic, the Bureau of Measures and Weights was created, in 1924 – the Laboratory for State Supervision of Standards and Measuring Instruments. In the same year, the Central Asian Chamber of Weights and Measures was created and it laid the foundation for metrological services in the republics of Central Asia.
Today, the State Metrological Service of the Republic of Uzbekistan, headed by the Uzstandart Agency, is a multidisciplinary, technically fully equipped, large system provided with modern regulatory and methodological documentation, consisting of the Republican Center for Testing and Certification, the Uzbek National Institute of Metrology, the Scientific Research Institute for Standardization, metrology and certification, 16 regional centers and 148 metrological services of legal entities. The main task of the National Institute of Metrology is to protect consumer rights, health and safety of citizens, the environment and state interests from the negative consequences of unreliable measurements by ensuring uniformity of measurements in the republic and providing support in increasing the export capacity of the state.
One of the actual issues of further development of the country’s economy today is increasing the export capacity of the state. The role of metrology in solving this issue is unique. Ensuring the recognition by other states of the results of measurements carried out in the country to support international trade is considered the main focus of the issue. The recognition by other states of the certificates issued in our republic creates convenience for exporters and leads to a decrease in the cost of production.
The Republican Center for the provision of metrological services of the agency “Uzstandard” was created in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan dated October 3, 2002 No. 342 “On measures to improve the system of standardization, metrology and certification.”
Pursuant to the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan dated December 9, 2003 No.UP-3358 “On improving the system of republican government bodies” and the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. 373 dated August 5, 2004 “On improving the structure and organization of activities of the Uzbek Agency for Standardization, Metrology and Certification ”Republican Center for the provision of metrological services was renamed into the Center for the provision of metrological services. According to the decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On measures to improve the activities of the Uzbek Agency for Standardization, Metrology and Certification” No.PP-2935 dated April 28, 2017 on the basis of the existing State Institution “Center for National Standards”, State Enterprise “Center for the provision of metrological services” and metrological subdivisions of the State Institution” Research Institute of Standardization, Metrology and Certification”, the State Enterprise “Uzbek National Institute of Metrology” was created (SE “UzNIM”)
The Institute of Metrology has the following functions:
- implementation of a unified state policy in the field of metrology, ensuring the uniformity and reliability of measurements in assigned regions and by types of measurements;
- storage and maintenance at an appropriate level of high-precision initial and exemplary measuring instruments;
- development of the state metrological service;
- improvement of existing methods and means of measurement of the highest accuracy, standardization of methods and means of measurement, control and testing;
- organization of work on state tests in order to approve the type of measuring instruments;
- organization of work on metrological certification, verification and calibration of measuring instruments.
To implement these functions, the calibration laboratories of the Institute of Metrology have high-precision calibration equipment and exemplary measuring instruments. Today, the Institute has 7 laboratories for state metrological control over measuring instruments.